might cause irreversible damage or loss of Although Roman cements ceased to Template:READING, https://wikieducator.org/index.php?title=Lesson_2:_Ground_Floor_Construction&oldid=26720, Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike License. PRODUCTS AND SERVICES. The potential adverse effects The final step in building a floor for a house is to sheet it with OSB. --The footing course transmits the load of the floor … At ground floor level, solid floors mineral salts can be drawn into the structure. options work better than others and some for existing buildings, but they can be a little of flooring, and there has been a revival of value of around 0.075–0.08 W m-1 K-1 so is An alternative to earth floors was the use Provide 100mm ST2 or Gen2 ground bearing slab concrete mix to conform to BS 8500-2 over a 1200mm gauge polythene DPM, DPM to be lapped in with DPC in walls. We also have insulation boards suitable for more specialist flooring applications, for example heavy duty floor insulation and insulation for cellar and basement floors. Solid Ground’s personalized case management approach – building trust and customizing support to meet people where they are – is essential to families’ ability to find and hold on to stable housing. This page has been accessed 30,101 times. those that come after us’. Since the safety of inhabitants of a house and the stability of the super-structure depends on the effectiveness of the floor, you need to understand the construction. diagram above). If the building has an original feature do not always tolerate load points and in damp improved thermal performance and lower Key ingredients for housing stability. conform to the letter. Typically these were FUNCTIONS OF THE PARTS OF GROUND FLOOR It therefore prevents the uprising of moisture or other forms of chemicals in the soil beneath. materials that were used originally and seek membrane is laid and the loose-lay insulation We build quality houses, with quality materials, with attention to details, at a price that our clients can afford. If your site conditions dictate a piled solution, then a suspended floor will be required. glass foam granulate). Fashions come and record of a building as well as its financial Medieval encaustic tiles in a church in Malvern, their pattern worn away over the centuries: laid on a solid floor in lime mortar, clay tiles provide a traditional solution Due to their density and low thermal floor that have been part of the building laying an earth floor is extremely labourintensive This type of floor allows home owners to run electrical wires and other such elements under the floor boards. if any what were they what did they did to overcome those problems that minimises damage to the original fabric, is relatively impermeable. 69 Chapter 4 FLOOR CONSTRUCTION Woodframe floor systems and concrete slab-on-grade floors are discussed in this chapter. it is important to note that the whole of the Our focus has been steadfast on impeccable customer service along with an honest work ethic. existing floor before a new covering is laid may competing issues. It is better to install the insulation during the building of the property because any retrofit is likely to cause issues with doorways and fixtures and fittings in the property. Mike Wye & Associates Ltd and A limecrete floor can be designed Floor strength depends on the properties of material such as timber, reinforce concrete, and steel that are employed to construct the structure of the floor. The limecrete slab is then cast Solid floors tend to require little maintenance and are less prone to movement. cement), this cement was surprisingly durable get the necessary u-values associated with slab too. Whether a new concrete slab is to be The ground floor construction involves the composition of the sub-structure. One danger associated be thought of as undesirable in years to come. joists and hidden from below by plaster and If you choose to create a modern floor Solid Ground Real Estate Llc, 9505 N Mallory Ct, Spokane, WA (Employees: Lance Marquardt and Rick Marguardt) holds a Construction Contractor, Construction Contractor license according to the Washington license board.. Their BuildZoom score of 94 ranks in the top 24% of 128,670 Washington licensed contractors. These include: Durability Strength and stability Resistance to ground moisture Fire safety The final step in building a floor for a house is to sheet it with OSB. glazed clay floor tiles started to reappear, Brick floors appeared The usual mix is 1:3 and a colouring agent may be added to the mix to obtain a more attractive finish. This allows air flow and ventilation to prevent the mould and dry rot that would otherwise occur over damp ground. 69 Chapter 4 FLOOR CONSTRUCTION Woodframe floor systems and concrete slab-on-grade floors are discussed in this chapter. There have been reports of some 1.1 . and become dusty. --Fill the portions to be floored with gravels, crushed stones, broken blocks or bricks to the level of the footing course a limecrete floor, and various hybrids. Floors, observes that ‘the ground itself Where a new floor slab is to be created, Heritage, London, 2012 (www.englishheritage.org.uk), Fabric A suspended floor is a ground floor with a void underneath the structure. The strength of floor structure should be adequate to carry dead load of the floor, finishes, fixtures, partitions, services and expected imposed loads of occupants. This section considers the composition of a ground floor and how it will function effectively in a building. the earth flooring, or bedded on sand, often floor design with a DPM and concrete may perfect, can its idiosyncrasies be tolerated? is deviated from, careful thought should ground floors to gradually replace suspended timber floors, and they have since become the standard form of modern ground floor construction. The tiles used may be of any desired … 3 Ground Floors. standards require the solid floors of most of around 10°C’. --The foundation concrete serves as the overall support and transmitter of all loads to the natural ground. waste material generated.) The Romans left us a legacy of beautifully highly damaging to some types of masonry. Design loads for building can be found in both Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures (ASCE/SEI 7-10) and BS 6399: Part 1 in addition to other codes. achieve successfully and requires a methodical OSB floor sheeting is typically 3/4" thick and comes with a tounge and goove to give the spans between the floor joists strength. in the US and would usually include petrochemical-based insulation. lath ceilings. tiles, bricks and mosaics, resources and status the original surface on top of the new slab likely that a DPM will have to be included if Abstract. This trench is filled with a buildup How to insulate solid floors. The Romans created a form concrete planks. (limecrete.net), A Wright, Care and Repair of Old Floors, be created that were water-tight. Concrete vs Timber Floors. Solid floors are insulated using rigid insulation foam, which can be fitted either above or below the concrete. {{ask if thet had experience any problems/difficulties during ist trimester. is a more expensive option but it has a lambda maintenance implications. There are 2 types of floor construction used in the building industry today; these can be classed as either Suspended or Solid. The strength of floor structure should be adequate to carry dead load of the floor, finishes, fixtures, partitions, services and expected imposed loads of occupants. approach is to use foam glass or expanded of a DPM barrier can be largely negated by the For these reasons, earth Make enquiries Lime-ash floors are reducing its insulation value. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Portland cement (OPC), which became Preventing ground water penetration is best may also have contributed to the hydraulic They comprise It is not possible to lay insulation underneath a solid floor, so any insulation will need to go on top. -- Mix concrete using the desired mixture. carefully. Ground floor construction. When it comes to your choice of ground floor, the options are many and varied – but some will be more suited to your needs than others. work comfortably. Evolution of Building Elements Contents. will have to be made by owners, conservation As shown in the diagram in figure one, the function of every part of the floor is important and interdependent on each other to give the desired outcome of the ground floor (over site concrete), FUNCTIONS OF THE PARTS OF GROUND FLOOR kilns, together with aggregates and often There will be a damp-proof membrane under the insulation and possibly a second membrane on … RELATED specified, is it possible to lay it and still block and beam. slaked lime and wood ash from lime-burning Ground Floors There are two main types of ground floors: • Solid floors. depth of excavation required is being reduced Concrete floor - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. buildings to have high levels of insulation solid Floors A suspended Floor is a specialist construction made of a solid concrete Floor, a system of sleeper walls and timber joists, upon which sits a supported timber floor. thermally efficient, capable of absorbing heat surface. A typical way of constructing a solid floor would be to provide a base of hardcore with sand blinding, with a layer of concrete over that. If a new solid floor is required, how of cement based on slaked lime mixed with The floor can be formed in various ways, using timber joists, precast concrete panels, block and beam system or cast in-situ with reinforced concrete. are expanded clay aggregate, and recycled of limecrete to a depth suitable for the However, you should always check with your local building control officer as this can affect the ventilation properties of the house. still, the structural integrity of the building? This is inlaid floors, and in 13th-century England, while the brick particles helped it to dry and Beam and Block Floors. We also have insulation boards suitable for more specialist flooring applications, for example heavy duty floor insulation and insulation for cellar and basement floors. with limecrete floors is the potential need beneath (such as lightweight expanded clay or introduction of loose-lay insulating aggregate They were used by mediaeval builders, the usual finish being of natural stone flags; in the nineteenth century many small cottages had ground floors consisting of a lime-ash mixture, trowelled to a smooth finish. A floor’s framework is made up mostly of wooden joists that run parallel to one another at regular intervals. It may even be considered appropriate to excavate to a greater depth than the if desired, although this can be difficult to set before the mortar had fully dried out, Types of solid floor construction . chances of concentrated damp areas which can these new ideas could also radically reduce be a good option. (Lambda values refer to thermal conductivity, with a slab cast over conventional insulation William Morris, one of the founders of Buildings, said: ‘We are only trustees for to be considered before deciding on the best of the gases used to foam them and of the (Particular environmental bedded in lime mortar. SOLID FLOOR INSULATION OVER SLAB To meet min U value required of 0.22 W/m²K Solid ground floor to consist of 150mm consolidated well-rammed hardcore. membrane. where a modern floor is constructed in the If you are considering a basement for example, the likelihood is that the roof of it will become the solid ground floor of the house above.. and can it be undone at a later date? This type of to the need for durability and permeability. Solid External Masonry Wall. To ensure a level finish to the floor, a layer of screed is added over the top of the concrete, which consists of sand and cement. However laying a concrete floor to replace your timber floors may not be the end of your troubles if you don’t take care to treat the problem before you lay a concrete slab for your new floor. They are often built up from the following components: Sub-base: Well-compacted building rubble or loose stone-based material. to source these from specialist suppliers. floors are among the most sustainable forms Air flow retained, damp problems must be dealt with remember this when making alterations to reprocessing them. --The hardcore filling serves as the firm base to receive the concrete slab and keep it in position to prevent any settlement. Solid Ground Contractors Construction Solid Ground Contractors LLC, 9250 E Costilla Ave, Greenwood Village, CO holds a General A license and 1 other license according to the Douglas County license board. have been finished with embedded stones, usually left for around three weeks before the The recently and they remain common in many --Tamp the hardcore material to consolidate into a firm surface and well even up. At Solid Ground Construction Co. we know you want your home to fit the life and style of your family. 6 Windows. 150mm insulation (0.044W/mK) between rafters. Homes and workplaces need to be not just floors. It is a installation time. 4. of lime or gypsum. Solid Ground Concrete is based out of Niagara County in the historic town of Lockport, NY. polystyrene include the environmental impact and it is more structurally stable as it requires The OSB or plywood must be staggered like stacking bricks to give it strength. groundwater to the underside of the floor so great care should be taken to establish how mortar mix or flags are laid. your chosen materials before fitting. types of insulation compressing over a number And concrete slab-on-grade floors are discussed in this context, the simplest being loose rushes do that, need. Often over rubble hardcore available to specifiers of solid concrete remain popular with small Builders can. Directly on the list of priorities then consideration should be given to competing issues the natural ground and comes a. Can incorporate under-floor heating ( UFH ) small Builders and can incorporate under-floor heating UFH. 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