Life expectancy at birth is estimated at 71 years as of 2017, 153rd highest in the world,[259] up from 54 years in the 1990s. The moon on the flag is a symbol of the peaceful and calm nature of Nepalis, while the sun represents the aggressiveness of Nepali warriors. The Constitution of Nepal, adopted in 2015, affirms Nepal as a secular federal parliamentary republic divided into seven provinces. [314] Though per capita meat consumption is low in Nepal, the proportion of vegetarianism is not high as in India, due to the prevalence of Shaktism, of which animal sacrifice is a prominent feature.[315]. Most of them have been resettled in third countries. For example in 2004 a mob of around 4000 people expressed their anger at the killing of 12 Nepalese job seekers in Iraq and burned dozens of buildings including the city’s Masjid Mosque. [30], By 55,000 years ago, the first modern humans had arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa, where they had earlier evolved. Each province is composed of 8 to 14 districts. [225] Major hydro-power projects suffer delays and setbacks. [304] The simplest form of sewn clothing, Bhoto (a rudimentary vest), is a universal unisex clothing for children, and traditionally the only clothing children wear until they come of age and are given adult garb, sometimes in a ceremonial rite of passage, such as the gunyu-choli ceremony for Hindu girls. [291] According to its official description, the crimson in the flag stands for victory in war or courage, and is also the colour of the rhododendron. [d][50], In the Kathmandu valley, the Kiratas were pushed eastward by the Lichchhavis, and the Lichchhavi dynasty came into power c. 400 CE. [264] Low birth weight is at 27% while breastfeeding is at 65%. [251] Though there is significant gender disparity in overall literacy rate,[5] girls have overtaken boys in enrolment to all levels of education. [310] Tea and buttermilk (fermented milk leftover from churning butter from yoghurt) are common non-alcoholic drinks. Married Hindu women wear tika, sindur, pote and red bangles. The middle hills (2,000 m – 3,000 m) are dominated by Oak and Rhododendron. Kathmandu is the Capital, Nepalese rupee is the Currency of Nepal.Provinces of Nepal ( Nepalka Pradeshaharu) was formed on 20 September 2015.Comprising a total area of 147,181 square kilometers & 56,826.90 square miles, Nepal has an estimated population of 28,764,982 (18 Oct 2019). The roofs of religious as well as domestic structures project considerably, presumably to provide protection from the sun and the rain. Nepal , officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a sovereign country in South Asia. According to Pashupati Purāna, as a place protected by Ne, the country in the heart of the Himalayas came to be known as Nepāl. According to Hogdson (1847), the earliest inhabitants of Nepal were perhaps the Kusunda people, probably of proto-Australoid origin. Suivant . [27][28][29][22] It has also been proposed that Nepa is a Tibeto-Burman stem consisting of Ne (cattle) and Pa (keeper), reflecting the fact that early inhabitants of the valley were Gopalas (cowherds) and Mahispalas (buffalo-herds). Capital Of Nepal Crossword Clue The crossword clue Capital of Nepal with 8 letters was last seen on the January 01, 2010. Nepal was admitted to the United Nations in 1955, and friendship treaties were signed with India in 1950 and the People's Republic of China in 1960. [75] These dual processes, driven by convection in the Earth's mantle, both created the Indian Ocean and caused the Indian continental crust eventually to under-thrust Eurasia and to uplift the Himalayas. [223] Most of the final energy consumption goes to the residential sector (84%) followed by transport (7%) and industry (6%); the transport and industry sectors have been expanding rapidly in recent years. [34] The oldest discovered archaeological evidence of human settlements in Nepal dates to around the same time. Traditional Nepali society is sometimes defined by social hierarchy. [89] Nepal is a habitat for 4.0% of all mammal species, 8.9% of bird species, 1.0% of reptile species, 2.5% of amphibian species, 1.9% of fish species, 3.7% of butterfly species, 0.5% of moth species and 0.4% of spider species. The dhoti has largely been reduced to the liturgical vestment of shamans and Hindu priests. [307] A typical Newar cuisine can comprise more than a dozen dishes of cereals, meat, vegetable curries, chutneys and pickles. Thus began the reputation of Gurkhas as fierce and ruthless soldiers. Literary works, which were written in Sanskrit by Brahmin priests educated and sometimes also based in Varanasi, included religious texts and other fantasies involving kings, gods and demons. Under the current trend, Nepal is expected to eradicate poverty within 20 years. [312] Thakali cuisine is another well-known food tradition which seamlessly melds the Tibetan and the Indian with variety in ingredients, especially the herbs and spices. In its more traditional form, as part of traditional dresses and as worn in daily life while performing household chores or labour, it takes the form of a fariya or gunyu, usually shorter than a sari in length as well as breadth, and all of it wrapped around the lower body. Nepal (English: /nɪˈpɔːl/;[19] Nepali: नेपाल [neˈpal]), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal,[20] is a sovereign country in South Asia. The best known include: Dashain, Tihar, Teej, Chhath, Maghi, Sakela, Holi, Eid ul-Fitr, Christmas, and the Nepali new year. [219] Many Nepalese are believed to be working under slavery-like conditions, and Nepal spends billions of rupees rescuing stranded workers, on remuneration to the indebted families of the dead, and in legal costs for those arrested in foreign countries. Nepal's constitution doesn't give anyone the right to convert any person to another religion. [h] Paternal lineage of a person is valued and required in legal documents. [177] There are no discriminatory policies on recruitment into the army, but it is dominated by men from elite Pahari warrior castes. [204][205][206] Debt bondage even involving debtors' children has been a persistent social problem in the western hills and the Terai, with an estimated 234,600 people or 0.82% of the population considered as enslaved, by The Global Slavery Index in 2016.[207]. [240][241]The 2011 census reported that the religion with the largest number of followers in Nepal was Hinduism (81.3% of the population), followed by Buddhism (9%); the remaining were Islam (4.4%), Kirant (3.1%), Christianity (1.4%) and Prakriti or nature worship (0.5%). [202] The distribution of wealth among the Nepalis is consistent with that in many developed and developing countries: the highest 10% of households control 39.1% of the national wealth and the lowest 10% control only 2.6%. [116] It has three political parties recognised in the federal parliament: Nepal Communist Party (NCP), Nepali Congress (NC),[116] and Janata Samajbadi Party, Nepal (JSPN). The roofs usually tiled with clay, and sometimes gold plated, diminish in proportion successively until the topmost roof is reached which is itself ensigned by a golden finial. For many other groups, men's traditional dresses consist of a shirt or a vest, paired with a dhoti, kachhad or lungi. Severe flooding and landslides cause deaths and disease, destroy farmlands and cripple the transport infrastructure of the country, during the monsoon season each year. The southern lowland plains or Terai bordering India are part of the northern rim of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. In the south-eastern region, Janakpurdham was the capital of the prosperous kingdom of Videha or Mithila, that extended down to the Ganges, and home to King Janaka and his daughter, Sita. [296] By the end of the nineteenth century, Motiram Bhatta had published print editions of the works of Acharya, and through his efforts, single-handedly popularised and propelled Nepali language literature into modernity. [89], Among the notable trees, are the astringent Azadirachta indica, or neem, which is widely used in traditional herbal medicine,[94] and the luxuriant Ficus religiosa, or peepal,[95] which is displayed on the ancient seals of Mohenjo-daro,[96] and under which Gautam Buddha is recorded in the Pali canon to have sought enlightenment. [54] In the eastern hills, a confederation of Kirat principalities ruled the area between Kathmandu and Bengal. Daura-Suruwal and Gunyu-Cholo were the national dresses for men and women respectively until 2011 when they were removed to eliminate favouritism. The timber of domestic structures are finely carved as with their religious counterparts. [212], The rate of unemployment and underemployment exceeds half of the working-age population,[213] driving millions to seek employment abroad, mainly in India, the Gulf, and East Asia. Nepal declared untouchability to be illegal in 1963[284] and has since enacted other anti-discriminatory laws and social welfare initiatives. Kathmandu has become Nepal’s most significant business center, and in the 1970’s, there were major expansions of the transport systems which included construction of new roads and air services that made the city the hub of National transportation system. ", "Malik overall winner, Afghanistan bag team c'ship", "Blind cricketers' horrible journey to WC", "Nepal defeat Pakistan, seal women's blind cricket series", "Renovation of Dasharath Stadium takes forever, hurts nation's football", "APF athletes Parki, Koju win 5,000m races", "National Games conclude with concerns over maintenance and upgradation of infrastructure", "ICC suspends Cricket Association of Nepal", "Athletes spend the best years of their lives playing sports, but are often left with little to retire on", "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)", SAARC Consortium on Open and Distance Learning, South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme, Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nepal&oldid=993085876, Member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, States and territories established in 1769, Articles with incomplete citations from April 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 18:33. [312] as well as dairy and sometimes meat, is the most common and prominent example. The regional languages Maithili, Awadhi and Bhojpuri are spoken in the southern Terai region; Urdu is common among Nepali Muslims. Kathmandu is the capital and largest city of Nepal, with a population of around 2.5 million. [76] Immediately south of the emerging Himalayas, plate movement created a vast trough that rapidly filled with river-borne sediment[77] and now constitutes the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal is the capital city of Nepal stands at an elevation of approx. In the late 14th century, Jayasthiti Malla introduced widespread socio-economic reforms, principal of which was the caste system. [166] Countries that Nepal maintains a close relationship with, include the most generous donors and development partners—the United States, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Japan and Norway, among others. Tibetan Xamo Gyaise hats of the Sherpas, dhaka topi of pahari men and tamang round caps are among the more distinctive headwears. 4,600 ft (1,400 metres) above the sea level in the bowl-shaped. Similarly, the rate is higher in central and eastern Nepal compared to further west. JBR Studio is our offical youtube channel. Clue: Capital of Nepal. In response, the system of national parks and protected areas, first established in 1973 with the enactment of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973,[107] was substantially expanded. In the high himalayas, the traditional dresses are largely influenced by Tibetan culture. It is mainly in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. [174] Directorate of Military Intelligence under Nepal Army serves as the military intelligence agency;[175] National Investigation Department tasked with national and international intelligence gathering, is independent. Terai is the lowland region containing some hill ranges. 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