Bio-indicators - a plant or animal species whose presence, abundance, and health reveal the general condition of its habitat. Degradation of range pasture resources, due to a variety of management and other factors. There is a lack of materials on the enviroment in Botswana, and this handbook addresses that gap. a Handbook – sprawdź opinie i opis produktu. Defoliants - chemicals which cause plants to lose their leaves artificially; often used in agricultural practices for weed control, and may have detrimental impacts on human and ecosystem health. environmental problems due to its enormous development. stream c�H����H�6_�c|�ȣd�/��l�r����S�|�j����k_�w�z`�ju��znA���k��LeQ���F&�I0�D�c������5�\ζ����\�/�ds�n�����4��9�j���v~���%�����eMD%�CJv��?�_�b�jU.�����R!OcU�a+����^���!ˣ�`i�*� �I��m����zMM!h���A/�x垒R%Q��k1��l�X��r|�9�`� Ǐ���ݮ4�U[BoP�w��lv�`Y֨ҧ����G�H�[email protected] In Botswana right now, there are two environmental issues in the country of Botswana which it has currently facing, such as drought and desertification, are the bigger problems in the country due to too much human activities, overgrazing, deforestation and bio-industrial activities practices. In addition, enviromental education is being incorporated into the education system in Botswana. Ecosystems - ecological units comprised of complex communities of organisms and their specific environments. Botswana also meets the Republic of Zambia at a single point. Afforestation - converting a bare or agricultural space by planting trees and plants; reforestation involves replanting trees on areas that have been cut or destroyed by fire. Noxious substances - injurious, very harmful to living beings. Environmental Issues In Botswana A Handbook {And to find the book you wish, you merely ought to form and try to find it, then simply click the identify to WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Pollution - the contamination of a healthy environment by man-made waste. {�"PrV�(Ux< a Environmental Issues in Botswana A Handbook. There is a lack of materials on the environment in Botswana, and this handbook addresses that gap. The Republic of Botswana or \"Botswana\" for short, is a small landlocked country located at the southern part of Africa bordering the Republic of South Africa to the south and southeast, the Republic of Zimbabwe to the northeast and the Republic of Namibia to the north and west. Effluents - waste materials, such as smoke, sewage, or industrial waste which are released into the environment, subsequently polluting it. Biodiversity - also biological diversity; the relative number of species, diverse in form and function, at the genetic, organism, community, and ecosystem level; loss of biodiversity reduces an ecosystem's ability to recover from natural or man-induced disruption. Metallurgical plants - industries which specialize in the science, technology, and processing of metals; these plants produce highly concentrated and toxic wastes which can contribute to pollution of ground water and air when not properly disposed. CDC Main: 4630411 Palapye: 4921092 Mahalapye: 4713323 Boteti: 2978278 Tutume: 2987232 Bobirwa: 2619274 Serowe: 4631138 Tonota: 2484248 The Strategy identified major environmental problems in Botswana as follows: • Pressure on water resources Highlands Water Project - a series of dams constructed jointly by Lesotho and South Africa to redirect Lesotho's abundant water supply into a rapidly growing area in South Africa; while it is the largest infrastructure project in southern Africa, it is also the most costly and controversial; objections to the project include claims that it forces people from their homes, submerges farmlands, and squanders economic resources. The key environmental problems in Botswana are presented below (not in order of priority): Water scarcity and pollution: Water resources in Botswana is characterised by the fact that it is a shared and scare resource, unevenly distributed in time and space. Surface water is scarce in Botswana and less than 5% of the agriculture in the country is sustainable by rainfall. Poaching - the illegal killing of animals or fish, a great concern with respect to endangered or threatened species. Buy Environmental Issues in Botswana by Julius Atlhopheng at Mighty Ape NZ. economic planning. List of best Environmental Consultants in Botswana of 2020. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions (see acid rain).Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxide; acid rain is damaging and potentially deadly to the earth's fragile ecosystems; acidity is measured using the pH scale where 7 is neutral, values greater than 7 are considered alkaline, and values below 5.6 are considered acid precipitation; note - a pH of 2.4 (the acidity of vinegar) has been measured in rainfall in New England. <> 2 0 obj 1 0 obj USAID helps conserve, maintain, and restore the forests of Botswana by supporting Forest Conservation Botswana (FCB) through the Transfrontier Conservation Area (TFCA). by Julius Atlhopheng, Chadzimula Molebatsi. <> Environmental Issues in Botswana: A Handbook: Atlhopheng, Julius, Molebatsi, Chadzimula, Toteng, Elisha: Amazon.sg: Books Pollution and toxicity. Asbestos - a naturally occurring soft fibrous mineral commonly used in fireproofing materials and considered to be highly carcinogenic in particulate form. In a bid to consider environmental issues in planning, the Government of Botswana formulated the National Conservation Strategy as a vehicle through which sustainable economic development can be achieved. Carbon cycle - the term used to describe the exchange of carbon (in various forms, e.g., as carbon dioxide) between the atmosphere, ocean, terrestrial biosphere, and geological deposits. endobj Botswana guide Birds of Botswana; Environmental issues in Botswana; Giraffes in Botswana; Honey badgers in Botswana; Leopards in Botswana; Mammals of Botswana; Mopane worms in Botswana; Reptiles of Botswana; Snakes of Botswana; Nature articles about Botswana. Environmental issues in Botswana : a handbook. Switch Boards. Although the government has taken initiative for growing more plants, the imbalance in nature cannot be covered by just a little effort. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Major Environmental Issues. Biomass - the total weight or volume of living matter in a given area or volume. Environmental issues in Botswana by Julius Atlhopheng, Chadzimula Molebatsi, Elisha Toteng, unknown edition, The threats of uncontrolled landfilling are not realized by the people of Botswana. Dredging - the practice of deepening an existing waterway; also, a technique used for collecting bottom-dwelling marine organisms (e.g., shellfish) or harvesting coral, often causing significant destruction of reef and ocean-floor ecosystems. %���� Environmental Issues in Botswana. endobj Greenhouse gas - a gas that "traps" infrared radiation in the lower atmosphere causing surface warming; water vapor, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, hydrofluorocarbons, and ozone are the primary greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere. Careless dumping of the waste and widespread littering has become a serious problem in Botswana (Gould, 1995). As such, air pollution is not perceived to be a major problem at present. Waterborne diseases - those in which bacteria survive in, and are transmitted through, water; always a serious threat in areas with an untreated water supply. A Handbook (9789991271057) by Julius Atlhopheng; Chadzimula Molebatsi; Elisha Toteng and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices. DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane) - a colorless, odorless insecticide that has toxic effects on most animals; the use of DDT was banned in the US in 1972. <>>> Groundwater use through deep borehole drilling has somewhat eased the effects of drought. [Julius Atlhopheng;] Home. One among the important implication is the solid waste generated in the country. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 36 0 R 37 0 R 38 0 R 39 0 R 40 0 R 41 0 R 42 0 R 43 0 R 44 0 R 45 0 R 46 0 R 47 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> There is a lack of materials on the enviroment in Botswana, and this handbook addresses that gap. While many of these environmental problems are addressed by Botswana's environmental legislation, the quality of those laws, as well as their enforcement, has generally been poor. Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. A handbook was compiled as a step towards augmenting teaching materials on Botswana's environment. Botswana like the rest of the world takes into high esteem matters of environmental sustainability. Find Environmental Consultants in Botswana and get directions and maps for local businesses in Africa. Botswana Daily News (Gaborone) By Aubrey Maswabi. Quantification is difficult. placed to tackle global environmental problems and come up with innovative and sustainable solutions. Result of survey about air pollution, water pollution, greens and parks satisfaction, light and noise pollution, etc. Six environmental issues of major concern to the country were identified in Botswana's National Conservation Strategy: industrial and urban pollution ; pressure on water resources Aerosol - a collection of airborne particles dispersed in a gas, smoke, or fog. Catchments - assemblages used to capture and retain rainwater and runoff; an important water management technique in areas with limited freshwater resources, such as Gibraltar. 3. Groundwater - water sources found below the surface of the earth often in naturally occurring reservoirs in permeable rock strata; the source for wells and natural springs. Botswana: 'Environmental Issues Affect All' 20 May 2019. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. Slash-and-burn agriculture - a rotating cultivation technique in which trees are cut down and burned in order to clear land for temporary agriculture; the land is used until its productivity declines at which point a new plot is selected and the process repeats; this practice is sustainable while population levels are low and time is permitted for regrowth of natural vegetation; conversely, where these conditions do not exist, the practice can have disastrous consequences for the environment. Search. Deforestation has become one of the major factors, which is affecting the ecological balance of not only Africa, but of the entire world. Literatura obcojęzyczna Environmental Issues in Botswana. Growing pressure on water resources, resulting from increases in population, urbanization and development; 2. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation - a portion of the electromagnetic energy emitted by the sun and naturally filtered in the upper atmosphere by the ozone layer; UV radiation can be harmful to living organisms and has been linked to increasing rates of skin cancer in humans. ~�I$gYRD�`����.�=�U�^7���ϠPer)�Te2�㲈x Endangered species - a species that is threatened with extinction either by direct hunting or habitat destruction. Desertification - the spread of desert-like conditions in arid or semi-arid areas, due to overgrazing, loss of agriculturally productive soils, or climate change. A Handbook Paperback – January 1, 1998 by Julius Atlhopheng (Author), Chadzimula Molebatsi (Author), Elisha Toteng (Author) & See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Botswana and get directions and maps for local businesses in Africa for growing more,... Most countries, Botswana 's environmental laws reflect various influences - both positive and.! 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