Dig a hole in the soil in your garden by making use of your finger and then drop the bitter gourd seeds inside. Bitter melon which is grown in the ground directly will not be able to produce fruit which is as large as the plant which is grown on a trellis. The plant should receive a minimum of 6 hours of bright sunlight every day until the seeds germinate. It grows slightly acidic to the slightly alkaline soil. Pick the fruits every 2-3 days when they are still at the tender stage. 4. Preparation of area of plantation for growing Kakarakaya: You may be interested in Growing Butternut Squash. Also, as it is a tall vine, you will want to support it. This is very closely related to zucchini, cucumber, squash, and pumpkin. You can also choose to dry the gourds out, harvest the seeds from them, or give them as treats to the outdoor critters. Once seeds germinate, the plants grow rapidly, so try to choose a rather more generous pot than you might for other plants or you risk having to repot them continually. The first seedlings may emerge in just 4 days with most of the seeds germinating around day eight. Make sure that you are. Gourds take about 180 days total from planting till they produce ripe fruit, as a result of their extra long germination process. The bitter melon is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family, which includes squash, watermelon, muskmelon, and cucumbers. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Set the Bitter gourd seed in the center of the pot, and then cover it with a 1/2 inch layer of soil, gently firm it and water deeply to settle it. Make use of a pair of scissors for cutting the fruits which are hanging from the vine. The seeds will start the process of germination within 2 to 3 days of sowing you will see the appearance of. Position the pots within about 3 feet of the west- or south-facing window where they will get direct sunlight during the day. You may also check this: Organic Hydroponics Gardening, Advantages, Problems. Seed Rate Growing Bitter Gourd. In Southern regions, it’s okay to site seedlings in a spot with light shade, as long as vines can ramble into full-sun areas. Bitter gourd seed germination time – 7-12 days. Step 4: The bitter gourd plant has to be transplanted after about two leaves have appeared on its shoot. Water the pot thoroughly, while simultaneously avoiding soggy, waterlogged conditions which can stunt growth. The tip of the main stem has to be pruned as soon as it grows past the trellis’s top. Some people nick the seed coating at the thinner end of the seed with a pair of nail clippers then sow the Bitter gourd seed to help seeds germinate faster. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Steps to follow while growing bitter gourd in pots/ containers: Take a medium sized pot with three or four holes at the bottom of the pot. Bitter gourd which is scientifically called as Momordica charantia is a tropical vine. But to increase seed germination rate and for the faster germination, you have to scarify them to remove the seed coat. Sow at least 2 seeds in a pot and use at least 2 pots for sowing the Bitter gourd seeds. Then put them in a tissue paper-like shown here and then spray some water over this. However, the Bitter gourd vine can grow more than 5 m (16 feet) long. Once scarified, the seeds should be dunked in boiling water for no more than four seconds, and then drained on a sheet of paper towel for a few minutes before sowing. You can make use of a watering can for wetting the soil in a gentle manner. As a matter of fact, with some of the varieties, you can get mature fruits within 3 months of planting. Bitter melon starts to fruit quickly in 2 months. If left to ripen for too long, the bitter melon becomes too bitter to even eat, and that is why it is harvest when it is younger and usually pickled, stuffed, or sliced into a variety of different culinary items. Follow the instructions on the package so that you will not cause oversaturation of the soil. This will make a physical barrier between the plant and the cutworms. The Bitter gourds will be ready for picking within 3 months from planting. Growing Bitter gourd in Pots. Bitter gourd seeds can be purchased online or in garden shops. He plans to collaborating his knowledge and personal interest in gardening into a subject of help to all those who wish to nurture their own little green escapes. Bitter gourd germination is usually within 7 days but can take up to 14 days. The plant roots are not affected. in length. Introduction Bitter gourd seed germination Process. Check your Bitter gourd plants for signs of powdery mildew, downy mildew, rust, watermelon mosaic virus, bacterial wilt, and the cucumber mosaic virus. Plants which are completely yellow in color and also soft to touch are overripe. Pick young, smaller melons that are bright green and blemish-free. Make sure that you are watering the soil on a daily basis. Mature fruits are ready to be picked within3 months from planting and they will be light green and juicy with white flesh but bitter. Common diseases which you may see in bitter gourd are downy mildew, watermelon mosaic potyvirus or leaf spot. Soaking overnight can speed germination. Make use of a fungicide which is made for squash from a garden store present in your locality for the prevention of infections in your bitter gourd. Bitter gourd has a very good dose of fiber, potassium, iron and is rich in the content of Vitamin C, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3. 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