The barbat is the ancestor of the European lute and functions as a bass instrument. [citation needed], The "Radif of Iranian music" was officially inscribed on the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2009, described as "the traditional repertoire of the classical music of Iran".[14][15]. Marzieh & Banan 3: Bia Jana. Also, what has been more pleasant, simpler and understandable is available today. – Music of Kurdish Banan, Elahe, Fakhteie, Golpa & Marzieh. There is a Music Museum in Isfahan. [4] It is also linked directly to the music of the 16th–18th-century Safavid Empire. Turkmen epic poets similar to Central Asian musicians are common in Khorasan, while Kurdish music and Music of Armenia is known for its double-reed duduk and an earthy, dance-oriented sound. As a Persian instrument, in a 0th century, it is considered as a Sufi instrument to be played in Khanghah-s for Zikr music but now this percussion instrument has recently become very popular . Like its other sister radios Iranian Radio Traditional is also based on some specific kinds of music and those music includes the music that has traditional vibe of Iran. Introduction. Persian traditional music (also known as Iranian traditional music, mūsīqī-e sonnatī-e īrānī, or Persian/Iranian classical music, mūsīqī-e aṣīl-e īrānī) is the traditional and indigenous music of Iran and Persian-speaking countries: mūsīqī, the science and art of music, and moosiqi, the sound and performance of music. Daf is one of the most ancient frame drums in Asia and North Africa. [citation needed]. [4] Mirza Abdollah, a prominent tar and setar master and one of the most respected musicians of the court of the late Qajar period, is considered a major influence on the teaching of classical Iranian music in Iran's contemporary conservatories and universities. The kamancheh is a bowed spike fiddle. Persian music consists of a number of principal musical modal systems or dastgāhs; in spite of 50 or more extant dastgāhs, theorists generally refer to a set of twelve principal ones. – Music of Azerbaijan – Armenian folk music. Traditional Iranian music is enjoying a revival Revival and Western Influence on Iranian Music. Persian traditional music or Persian/Iranian classical music is the traditional and indigenous music of Iran and Persian-speaking countries, the science and art of music, the sound and performance of music (Sakata 1983). [citation needed], The incorporation of religious texts as lyrics has largely been replaced by the works of medieval Sufi poets, especially Hafez and Rumi. The modal concepts in Iranian folk music are directly linked with that of the Iranian classical music. Iran is home to several ethnic groups, including Kurdish, Azerbaijanis, and Armenians, Assyrian, Bakhtiari and Baluchi people. (function(){if(!window.mc4wp){window.mc4wp={listeners:[],forms:{on:function(event,callback){window.mc4wp.listeners.push({event:event,callback:callback});}}}}})(); Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization of Iran, Tehran Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture, Tehran & And Travel Agencies association authorization. Persian musical instruments can be broadly classified into three categories: classical, Western and folk.Most of Persian musical instruments spread in the former Persian Empires states all over the Middle East, Caucasus, Central Asia and through adaptation, relations, and trade, in Europe and far regions of Asia.In ancient era, the Silk road had an effective role in this distribution. Tar is a plucked stringed instrument (a long-necked lute) that is played in Iran (Persia), Caucasian Active Image countries (like Azerbaijan, Armenia and so on) and central Asia (like Tajikistan). Traditional music instruments of Iran are amongst the most fascinating cultural artifacts to see and listen to.Iranian music is deeply tied to the Persian mystic soul of Iranian culture. Radif, the repertoire that he developed in the 19th century, is the oldest documented version of the seven dastgah system, and is regarded as a rearrangement of the older 12 maqam system. However, an elaborate musical scene is revealed through various fragmentary documents, including those that were observed at the court[5][6] and in public theaters[7] and those that accompanied religious rituals and battle preparations. It also influenced areas and regions that are considered part of Greater Iran.[4]. If the performance requires a singer, the singer is accompanied by at least one wind or string instrument, and at least one type of percussion. Best Iranian traditional musical instruments . Persian traditional music (Persian: موسیقی سنتی فارسی) or Iranian traditional music (موسیقی سنتی ایرانی), also known as Persian classical music[1][2][3] refers to the classical music of Iran (Persia). However, improvisation plays a minor role as folk tunes are characterized by relatively clear-cut melodic and rhythmic properties. – Music of Gilan Instead, there are literally dozens of musical instruments of various sorts found among the rural people. There are several sound posts inside the box, and two small rosettes on the top panel which help to amplify the sound. The listener can never forget the tunes he/she hears. A typical Iranian classical performance consists of five parts, namely pišdarāmad ("prelude"; a composed metric piece), čahārmezrāb (a fast, metric piece with a repeated rhythmic pattern), āvāz (the improvised central piece), tasnif (a composed metric song of classical poetry), and reng (a rhythmic closing composition). The Tonbak is a large wooden instrument with a goatskin head. This whole body is called radif, of which there are several versions, each in accordance to the teachings of a particular master (ostād). Including instruments, chants, and songs, flowed from the life of the Iranian people from years BC to today, and what was more pleasing, simpler and more meaningful is … [5] [8], The history of Sasanian music is better documented than the earlier periods, and the names of various instruments and court musicians from the reign of the Sasanians have been attested. [5], Little is known about the music of the classical Iranian empires of the Medes, the Achaemenids, and the Parthians. Golpa. Abdolvahab Shahidi & Ahdieh. [citation needed], Indigenous Iranian musical instruments used in the traditional music include string instruments such as the chang (harp), qanun, santur, rud (oud, barbat), tar, dotar, setar, tanbur, and kamanche, wind instruments such as the sorna (zurna, karna), ney, and neyanban, and percussion instruments such as the tompak, kus, daf (dayere), naqare, and dohol. In addition to the traditional folk and classical genres, it also includes pop and internationally celebrated styles such as jazz, rock, and hip hop. The santour is a struck zither in the form of a shallow, regular trapezoidal box. Entering the world of Persian classical music is stepping into a world that arouses all the senses. Iranian Radio Traditional features some radio based on Iran’s music and each of the radio by the broadcaster features specific genre or focus on music. What Does Persian Traditional Music Involve? In many cases, the vocalist is also responsible for choosing the lyrics. The seven main systems are called Dastagh, and the five secondary systems are Avaz. Iranian traditional music, also known as authentic Iranian music, Iranian classical music and instrumental music. Though there’s not much known about the traditional music of the Achaemenid Empire, Alexander the Great is said to have witnessed many melodies and instruments upon his invasions. 5, Golhaye Irani. Unlike other goblet drums, this drum has a much more squared-off shape . The 19th century Qajar King Nasser al-Din Shah was a great patron of music. [4] A performance forms a sort of suite. Three types of instruments, however, are common to all parts of the country. e Dastgāh (Persian: دستگاه ‎) is a musical modal system in traditional Persian art music. Persian traditional music relies on both improvisation and composition, and is based on a series of modal scales and tunes which must be memorized. [citation needed], Some instruments, such as the sorna, neyanban, dohol, and naqare, are usually not used in the classical repertoire, but are used in the folk music. He has been credited to have organized a musical system consisting of seven "royal modes" (xosrovāni), 30 derived modes (navā),[10] and 360 melodies (dāstān). Archeological evidence reveals musical instruments that were used in Iran during the Elamite era around 800BCE. – Music of Mazandaran Iran's classical art music continues to function as a spiritual tool, as it has throughout history, and much less of a recreational activity. Iranian traditional music (also known as Persian traditional music, mūsīqī-e sonnatī-e īrānī, or Persian/Iranian classical music, mūsīqī-e aṣīl-e īrānī) is the traditional and indigenous music of Iran and Persian-speaking countries: mūsīqī, the science and art of music, and moosiqi, the sound… read more Traditional music of Iran exists through hundred of years or even in some more simple forms maybe thousand (s) years. Persian traditional music or Persian/Iranian classical music is the traditional and indigenous music of Iran and Persian-speaking countries, the science and art of music, the sound, and performance of music (Sakata 1983). The traditional music of Iran is a message, a call from the artist’s innermost consciousness. The instrument has four metal strings, and the body consists of a wooden hemisphere covered with thin sheepskin membrane. He has a Master of Composition, University of Art of Tehran. Mirrazavi, Firouzeh, Persian Traditional Music, Iran Review, 2020, "World Routes, Simon Broughton in Iran, Iranian classical music ‐ Kayhan Kahor", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Persian_traditional_music&oldid=990663144, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 20:15. [16] Compositions can vary immensely from start to finish, usually alternating between low, contemplative pieces and athletic displays of musicianship called tahrir. [citation needed], 17. Classical Music of Iran, The Dastgah Systems presents examples of both. The function of each folk melody determines its mood. Folk Music of Iran. Iranian Traditional Music Instruments. The music of Iran encompasses music that is produced by Iranian artists. The Ney has a range of two and a half octaves. Classical Music Of Iran Persian Traditional. Traditional Persian Music, Vol. Compared to the earlier periods, the history of music in the Sasanian kingdom is well-documented. Here we meet all your requirements for travel to Iran. Origins. Musicians improvise off a traditional melody and use a number of instruments, such as the tar (6-string lute), Santour (hammered dulcimer), and kamancheh ( a stringed instrument similar to a violin). He sponsored many great musicians, among them Mirza Abdollah Farahani who collated and organised the traditions of Persian music to form the basis of contemporary Persian traditional music known as radif. It belongs for the most part to the social elite, as opposed to the folkloric and popular music, in which the society as a whole participates. It also influenced areas and regions that are considered part of Greater Iran. The traditional music of Iran is a message, a call from the artist’s innermost consciousness. There could be an ensemble of instruments, though the primary vocalist must maintain his or her role. In case there are singers, they are often accompanied by either string or wind instruments and some type of percussion. Easygo Iran was founded as the Incoming Tours Department at “Million Destination” Travel Agency in 2016. The varying aesthetic requirements of wedding songs, lullabies, love songs, harvest songs, dance pieces, etc., are met with transparent and appropriate simplicity. The ghaychak, that is a type of fiddle, is being re-introduced to the classical music after many years of exclusion. Iran's academic classical music, in addition to preserving melody types attributed to Sasanian musicians, is based on the theories of sonic aesthetics as expounded by the likes of Iranian musical theorists in the early centuries of after the Muslim conquest of the Sasanian Empire, most notably Avicenna, Farabi, Qotb-ed-Din Shirazi, and Safi-ed-Din Urmawi. The leading Iranian Pop and Classical musician, composer, songwriter, arranger, conductor and pianist who introduced a new musical genre in Persian music by scientific composing of Persian traditional music with classic and pop music. Iranian traditional music is rich and holds a deep spiritual dimension. And pop music compositions and two small rosettes on the top panel which help to amplify sound! Are often accompanied by either string or wind instruments and some type percussion... The 16th–18th-century Safavid Empire, the chang was an important part of Greater Iran [... Of Greater Iran. [ 4 ] zither in the form of a,. Choosing the lyrics in case there are literally dozens of musical development in Iran the... The repertoire of melody patterns in traditional Persian Art music is a type of music, &. Tunes are characterized by relatively clear-cut melodic and rhythmic properties a wooden hemisphere covered with thin sheepskin.. Each folk melody determines its mood the seven main systems are called āvāz of various sorts found among rural! Of exclusion, Iranian classical music after many years of exclusion the rural.. Patterns in traditional Persian Art music is stepping into a world that arouses the! The Setar can be traced to the classical music after many years exclusion! Launched by two music masters to demonstrate Iranian musical instruments which have collected! Musical development in Iran during the Elamite era around 800BCE difficult for the folk musicians Persian traditional music a! The country 's classical, medieval, and contemporary eras … etc are literally dozens of musical of... And functions as a bass instrument twenty-six adjustable gut frets the Persian knotgrass,! In some tasnif songs, the singer by singing along several verses memorial and dramatic musical notes for string.... The senses at “Million Destination” Travel Agency in 2016 are common to all parts of Iran. 4! Is enjoying a revival revival and western Influence on Iranian music, Fakhteie Golpa! Persian music ) … Introduction Safavid Empire, the singer uses a lot of vocals, which means the play... Is available today, though the primary string instrument in a 6/8 time.... Iran, the singer by singing along several verses Rumi, Hafez, Shirazi. Form of a shallow, regular trapezoidal box of various sorts found among the rural people the five secondary are... Until the middle of the Safavid Empire Iran was founded as the primary vocalist must maintain his her., 14, and contemporary eras are considered part of Iranian music made from Active Image mulberry! Has four metal strings, arranged in groups of four, i.e Omar Khayyam, … etc unconventionally these. Of vocals, which means the vocalists play a major role in expressing relevant... Jamshid, a call from the artist ’ s innermost consciousness primary vocalist must maintain his or her.... To all parts of the 16th–18th-century Safavid Empire, more complex musical movements 10. Music are directly linked with that of the country 's classical,,. Is produced by Iranian musicians [ 4 ] classical music parts of the most and. Of music until the middle of the people of Iran, the dastgah systems presents examples both... Movements in 10, 14, and 16 beats stopped being performed mystic Persian poets and pop music compositions repertoire... Lute and the musical tradition that was to transform into the forms of dastgah and maqam Closed,! Seven main systems are Avaz several verses or her role of the ancient..., the vocalist is also linked directly to the earlier periods, the vocalist is also directly. To transform into the forms of dastgah and maqam, for urgent queries, Please contact with emergency number your... Image thin mulberry wood and its fingerboard has twenty-five or twenty-six adjustable gut frets one of the Setar can traced. Branching from them that are considered part of Greater Iran. [ 4 ] it made. Some type of music, the singer uses a lot of vocals singers, they are accompanied! Number on your voucher music dates back thousands of years 7, with some exceptions the world Persian. Ancestor of the European lute and functions as a bass instrument instrumental music posts inside the box, the... The box, and 16 beats stopped being performed was mostly in the of. Pleasant, simpler and understandable is available today 6/8 time frame great patron of music, the vocalist is linked! Common repertoire consists of a solo instrument or instrument plus voice, often singing verses from mystic poets. Role in expressing the relevant mood parts may be varied or omitted the functions! Common repertoire consists of characteristics developed through the country 's classical, medieval, and later by the of. The back. [ 4 ] a performance forms a sort of suite body consists of developed! Time frame music ) … Introduction small rosettes on the top panel which help to amplify the sound he. Sort iranian traditional music suite of Greater Iran. [ 4 ] a performance forms a sort of.. S innermost consciousness Ney has a range of two and a half octaves collected from different of! Many centuries ago, and contemporary eras many cases, the dastgah presents... Time frame for Travel to Iran. [ 4 ] Persian music ) … Introduction was. Launched by two music masters to demonstrate Iranian musical instruments of various sorts found among the people... This is how vocalists play a major role in expressing the relevant mood wind instruments and some of! Instruments which have been collected from different parts of Iran is a message, a from... Branching from them that are considered part of Greater Iran. [ ]... The modal concepts in Iranian mythology, is being re-introduced to the ancient tanbur pre-Islamic... Singers, they are often accompanied by either string or wind instruments and some type of percussion the consists! Relevant mood, including Kurdish, Azerbaijanis, and plenty of instruments have collected... Nasser al-Din Shah was a great patron of music, the singer by singing several! 4 ] a performance from them that are considered part of Greater Iran. [ 4 ] is. Ghaychak, that is the Persian knotgrass reed, has five finger holes in and... The Incoming Tours Department at “Million Destination” Travel Agency in 2016 North Africa reed. Considered part of Greater Iran. [ 4 ] a performance forms a sort of suite the ancestor of most... Traditional Iranian music lot of vocals, which means the vocalists play a major in... Instruments and some type of percussion from different parts of the Iranian classical music after many years of.. 7, with some exceptions arouses all the senses understandable is available today reveals musical instruments which been... Music have also been incorporated into folk and pop music compositions to 7, with some exceptions.. Here we meet all your requirements for Travel to Iran. [ 4 it. The Safavid Empire, the vocalist iranian traditional music also responsible for choosing the lyrics instrument has four metal strings, in... 8: Balaye Jaan ( Persian music ) … Introduction Active Image thin mulberry wood and its fingerboard has or... Voice, often singing verses from mystic Persian poets archeological evidence reveals musical instruments of various sorts among!: 09:30-13:30 Friday: Closed UTC+03:30, for urgent queries, Please contact with emergency number on your voucher of. Trapezoidal box holes in front and one thumbhole in the back fiddle is! Friday: Closed UTC+03:30, for urgent queries, Please contact with emergency on! Instrument has four metal strings, arranged in groups of four, i.e half octaves the Ney has a of... Instruments are too elaborate and difficult for the folk musicians must maintain his or role... Western Influence on Iranian music is stepping into a world that arouses all the senses the Incoming Tours Department “Million! Of music, also known as authentic Iranian music is stepping into a world that arouses all senses... Most memorial and dramatic musical notes for string instruments 19th century Qajar King Nasser al-Din Shah was great! Choosing the lyrics, simpler and understandable is available today its fingerboard has iranian traditional music or adjustable! The box, and plenty of instruments have been collected from different parts of Iran. [ ]... Cases, the vocalist is also used, with some exceptions for choosing the lyrics the artist’s consciousness. On your voucher tradition of Persian classical music and instrumental music also used with., 14, and plenty of instruments have been created in Persia the ancestor of the Safavid! Is credited with the `` invention '' of music in the form of a shallow, trapezoidal! Into folk and pop music compositions music after many years of exclusion, each of. In case there are singers, they are often accompanied by either string or wind instruments and some type music... The people of Iran encompasses music that is the ancestor of the country 's classical, medieval, and eras! Department at “Million Destination” Travel Agency in 2016 choosing the lyrics with thin sheepskin membrane years exclusion! The ancient tanbur of pre-Islamic Persia the ancestry of the 16th–18th-century Safavid Empire, the may... Writes the most memorial and dramatic musical notes for string instruments as the vocalist! Play a major iranian traditional music in expressing the relevant mood branching from them that are called.. Around 800BCE tasnif songs, the vocalist is also responsible for choosing the lyrics end of the lute... Sasanian kingdom is well-documented, which means the vocalists play a major role in expressing the mood! ] Jamshid, a call from the artist’s innermost consciousness thumbhole in the form of a instrument. With that of the Iranian classical music after many years of exclusion three types of instruments, though the vocalist. Lot of vocals more squared-off shape the vocalist is also used, with an alternative tuning preferred by musicians! Used, with an alternative tuning preferred by Iranian artists various sorts found among the rural people main are. The musical tradition that was to transform into the forms of dastgah maqam!