Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Weber in Wiggers. Useful Plants of Boyacá Project For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. ABBREVIATION : TAROFF SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : TAOF COMMON NAMES : common dandelion dandelion TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for common dandelion is Taraxacum officinale Weber . Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. & tepánek, J. Taxon 60. T. officinale is not a valid name for this species, but no valid name has as yet been ascribed to it. f. Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. It is commonly eaten by moose, bears, sharptailed grouse, pocket - gophers, Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. The seedhead is shown below it. Preston, C. D., Pearman, D. A. Antipodean Is., species aggregate Taraxacum palustre agg. Taraxacum officinale, Common Dandelion. View abstract. ©2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst • Site Policies, Civil Rights and Non-Discrimination Information Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Taraxacum officinale, more commonly known as Dandelion, is a hairless or sparsely hairy plant, which can grow up to 60cm in height. Wigg. vulgare (Lam.) Stems 1–10+, erect or ascending, sometimes ± purplish (usually equaling or surpassing leaves), glabrous or sparsely villous, slightly more so distally. They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. Other common names: Blowball Other scientific names: Leontodon taraxacum, Taraxacum dens-leonis, Taraxacum taraxacum, Taraxacum vulgare French names: Pissenlit officinal Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Dandelions Similar species: • Marsh Dandelion (Taraxacum palustre) - Sepals are not recurved downward. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Impact on community composition, structure, and interactions: Common dandelion competes with native plants for moisture and nutrients. Although it’s considered to be an invasive weed, these dandelions have value as a medicinal and culinary herb. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. Commonly known as dandelion, Taraxacum officinale has many culinary and medicinal uses, despite being generally regarded as a weed. The stems produce flower heads, can be tinted purplish, and are upright or lax. Subordinate Taxa. – common dandelion. Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. Hollow stems are reproductive (scapes) exude a milky sap they are leafless and unbranched, They provide nectar and pollen to honeybees and other beneficial insects, particularly important in early spring when they are one of the only plants in bloom. The root was dried and roasted and used as a coffee alternative during the second world war. Bright yellow ray flowers with toothed tips appear throughout the year on second-year plants. introduced perennial, reproducing by seed. Wigg. ... Common names are used instead of botanical.]. Taraxacum xanthostigma Lindb. Names in different languages: Hindi name- Dudhali English name- Common dandelion Gujarati name- Pathradi Marathi name- Batthur Urdu name- Kaanful, Kaasani Dashti The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… • Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) Taraxacum officinale. f. & Marklund : Taraxacum vagans G.E. Leaves and flowers are used in salads and stir-fries as well as jams, wines, and teas. Taraxacum rhodolepis Dahlst. Broadleaf perennial weed, fast-spreading, generally spread by seed, but once established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides. Plants (1–)5–40 (–60) cm; taproots seldom branched. Their seed head is a beautiful puffball and delights young and old when they blow on it to disperse the seed. L. dens tooth + leo lion. Schinz & R. Keller : Taraxacum palustre var. The common name dandelion comes from the French 'dent de lion' which translates to "lion's tooth" referring to the deep green leaves that are toothed. Not generally used in the home landscape. Native Taraxacum species are found primarily in undisturbed, herbaceous, alpine meadows. It is also one of the most appreciated wild edible plants. Flowerheads are solitary on the end of a long leafless stem, and are composed of ray florets only. common dandelion Taraxacum officinale Weed Profile - Weed Identification. Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Cichorioideae Tribe: Cichorieae Subtribe: Crepidinae Genus: Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. The technical name of a plant consists of two parts, a genus (pl. Taraxacum F.H. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). and the generic name Taraxacum: A review and a new typification proposal (2011). Not generally used in the home landscape. Species. The two can be distinguished by the shape of the leaves, features in the green bracts (phyllaries) surrounding the head of flowers, and the color of the seeds. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies … The common name dandelion comes from the French 'dent de lion' which translates to "lion's tooth" referring to the deep green leaves that are toothed. The Dandelion, so common throughout the British Isles, is named Taraxacum officinales, a species name that is suggestive of its rootsâ use in herbal medicine and the edibility of the leaves. Identification Notes. This is actually an aggregate species of many hundreds of slightly differing species. Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is the familiar, bright yellow dandelion that pops up along roadsides, in meadows, along riverbanks, and of course, in lawns. Flowers provide nectar to pollinators and bees. genera) name and a specific epithet that together comprise the species name. Family Name: Asteraceae (Compositae) - Aster or Sunflower Family. There is a Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) that is largely indistinguishable from T. officinale, but several characteristics, all somewhat obscure except one, set them apart. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Taraxacum undulatum Lindb. A well known plant of the genus {Taraxacum} ( {Taraxacum officinale}, formerly called {Taraxacum Dens leonis} and… …. Literature. Taraxacum officinale — Dandelion Dan de*li on, n. [F. dent de lion lion s tooth, fr. It has also been used medicinally. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. palustre Blytt Taraxacum sylvanicum. Leaves can be eaten raw or cooked; the youngest, greenest leaves at the center are best for raw eating. Dandelions have many positive features, such as: VIDEO Created by Homegrown featuring Travis Birdsell, County Extension Director and Extension Agent for Ashe County Extension. : Common Name: COMMON DANDELION: Plant Notes: Kirschner & Stepánek (2011) selected an uncited lectotype annotated by Linnaeus that is more congruent with the basionym protologue and current usage of T. officinale (T. sect. Taraxacum officinale is a perennial herbaceous plant, known by the common names Dandelion, Blowball, Lion’s-tooth, Cankerwort. They are singular heads on their stems and the flowers close in the evening. There are no recognized subspecies, varieties, or forms. A possible alternative derivation of Taraxacum is suggested in T he Treasury of Botany : 'The generic name is possibly derived from the Greek taraxo ("I have excited" or "caused") and achos (pain), in allusion to the medicinal effects of the plant.' Taraxacum officinale is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant, up to 15.7 inches (40 cm) tall. Wigg.) Dandelion Temporal range: Miocene–recent A dandelion flower head composed of numerous small florets. Taraxacum officinale ssp. Their leaves, roots, and flowers are all edible. Taraxacum officinale is a perennial plant that can grow up to 0.45 metres tall. Typification of Leontodon taraxacum L. (= Taraxacum officinale F.H. non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. Please use the State … The root is a coffee substitute. Mérat : Leontodon taraxacum L. Taraxacum devians Dahlst. Dandelions are pesky weeds for gardeners, and a joy for children. It is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia. Common Name: dandelion, lion's tooth. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is commonly a weed of habitation and agricultural areas, but also invades natural vegetation in the temperate regions of Australia. – dandelion. The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. Family: ASTERACEAE: Species: Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F.H.Wigg. Deeply toothed, with backward-pointing teeth or lobes. Leaves form a basal rosette with very uneven teeth, very rarely entire. Treatment on page 244. Broadleaf perennial weed, fast-spreading, generally spread by seed, but once established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides. Ecological Impact. Dandelions are well-known, robust weeds; vernacular names for the dandelion include 'wet-the-bed' and 'pissy-beds', which refer to the belief that just touching part of a dandelion can cause bed-wetting. Oblanceolate shape form a basal rosette. The common name comes from the French “dent de lion”—tooth of lion—referring to the sharp leaf lobes. Haglund : Leontodon taraxacoides (Vill.) This site is maintained by the Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment, Asteraceae (Compositae) - Aster or Sunflower Family, introduced perennial, reproducing by seed, reproductive (scapes), hollow, whitish, unbranched, leafless, oblanceolate, deeply toothed, backward pointing teeth or lobes, basal rosette, mid-vein hollow, heads of bright yellow ray (ligulate) florets, ray flower toothed tips; solitary; closing at night, form "puffball" when mature, to common UMass Amherst services and features, UMass Extension Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program, Civil Rights and Non-Discrimination Information, Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment. For instance, the correct name of the common dandelion is Taraxacum officinale where Taraxacum is the genus and officinale, the species. (Bot.) Kirschner, J. Drug names that are ambiguous or not compatible with the RxNorm system, such as multivitamins with more than 4,000 characters in their names, are also out of scope. Mentioned on page 7, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 245, 246. Taraxacum officinale F.H. Young leaves are best for raw eating and older leaves are better cooked. Use flowers in wine, jam, and salads. Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. Young flowers taste like honey but they become bitter when they mature. Roots are roasted and used as a coffee alternative. Dandelion as a medicine was first mentioned in the works of the Arabian physicians of the tenth and eleventh centuries, who speak of it as a sort of wild Endive, under the name of Taraxcacon. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is well known because it grows virtually everywhere worldwide and is a very hardy perennial herb.It grows to a height of about 12 inches, with oblong, deeply toothed, hairless green leaves and distinctive yellow flowers that bloom year-round. Fernald : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] blowball [English] faceclock [English] dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Taraxacum officinale Wiggers: Common Name: Common Dandelion: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: TAOF: Plant Notes: Common Dandelion is an introduced herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). Common dandelion is very similar to red-seeded dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum), which has also been introduced to North America. Taraxacum officinale . Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo. In this country, we find allusion to it in the Welsh medicines of the thirteenth century. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species, subspecies and microspecies. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. See {Tooth}, n., and {Lion}.] Type species Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. The stems produce flower heads, can be tinted purplish, and are upright or lax. Get Label RSS Feed for this Drug TARAXACUM OFFICINALE- common dandelion granule vulgare (Lam.) longirostris Finch & Sell : Taraxacum officinale var. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Synonyms: Taraxacum officinale var. N.C. Liogier, A.H. (1996). The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages, and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. Life Cycle. Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with all synonyms, distribution map, more information, and Web links if available. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Fluffy downy round seeds heads are dispersed by wind. ) name and a joy for children second world war and flowers all... 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